BUILDING A SITE. WHAT DOES IT CONSIST OF?
The question about the structure of the site can be approached from different angles: from a technical point of view (professional) and visual (user). In the classic form, any site technically consists of several elements:
content management system or CMS;
Consider the main technical components and structure of the site.
The site design is responsible for the visual presentation and organization of information, promotes the interaction of the resource with its visitors. The person responsible for creating the design is usually a web designer. It is he who must design the logical structure of all pages of the site, develop ways of presenting material and work out the external design of the resource.
For each page, the design is developed separately, depending on its functions. For example, the site of an online store has a page where the product is presented, as well as a page with a custom basket. Naturally, these directories should be different according to the logic of their design. The purpose of placing the basket is to facilitate quick and convenient shopping, and the page representing the product is to get acquainted with the properties of the product, compare it with other products.
Layout is a process of writing specific code for browsers. Such a file has the html extension, and it is displayed only in browsers. You need to make sure that the layout is the same in all browsers, whether Opera, Mozilla Firefox, Google Chrome or Internet Explorer. Additionally, you can learn about a term such as “layout validity” in a special article about it.
Programming is about 50-70% of the work on the site. The software part of the resource is a fairly broad concept. Programming is responsible for ensuring that multiple pages of the site are displayed with the same design, but with different content. The program code is also responsible for visual effects and much more. Thanks to him, the site becomes “live” and dynamic.
A web server is a computer with software installed on it, which is designed to respond to web client requests around the clock in real time. By web client is meant a browser that sends a request to a server for a specific page, and if it is available, the user can see it. For the user to see the page he needs, his browser must receive the corresponding html code from the server. After that, the code and all visual elements are recognized and presented to the user in the form of a ready-made page understandable to anyone.
The content of the site, that is, the entire content of the site. This includes texts, pictures, videos, flash and other files. Content is often confused with design elements, but these are completely different things. The design of the site answers the question “how to place”, and the content answers the question “what to place”. As for the text content, it is it that fills any web resource with meaning, thanks to which users can find the site itself in search engines. Interesting content is the key to increasing traffic, readability, and business metrics such as calls, sales, or email subscriptions.
CMS can also be attributed to one of the elements of the site. The content management system allows you to manage all elements of the resource through the administrative part. Using a CMS is optional, but it is necessary for anyone who wants to independently control and edit the contents of the site. There are a number of different CMS, differing from each other in terms of ease of use, set of properties and principles of operation.
Domain name and hosting. A domain name is a unique website address on the Web (for example, www.site.by). And hosting is a service that is provided by special companies that store on their servers all the data necessary for the site to work. Without these components, the structure would be incomplete, and the site itself is inaccessible to users and visitors. Hosting involves the allocation of free space on the server to host and store any site. In order for the owner to be sure that his site is always visible to Internet users, he must necessarily acquire a unique domain name, as well as reliable hosting. To choose the right hosting, we suggest you read our article with more detailed recommendations.
Visual parts of the site
If you look at a standard site through the eyes of an ordinary person who does not understand the intricacies of software code and the IT industry, you can see that it consists of the upper, side, central and lower parts.
Top part. Cap. What and why?
The upper part, header or header (in translation from English – the head) is the resource section, which usually contains contacts, logos, emblems, slogans, slogans, mottos, the top menu and pictures or groups of pictures (sliders).